UPSC Syllabus | IAS Mains Syllabus | Latest topic wise UPSC 2019 Syllabus pdf

IAS syllabus 2019
Written by Dr. SS

Get IAS Syllabus 2019. The list includes UPSC syllabus pdf for General Studies, Compulsory subjects & optional papers. Syllabus of nine papers for Civil Services Mains is divided in,

  • two as qualifying papers and

  • seven papers to be counted for ranking.

Along with it, also find prelims syllabus pdf, tips for IAS preparation, resources for IAS & other exams 2019. This blog will help you in finding all your answers.

You can also save your pdf copy of IAS Mains Syllabus from this page.


Indian Administrative Services i.e IAS Examination is one of the top three civil services, rest two are Indian Foreign Service and Indian Police Service. Popularly called  IAS exam is officially called the Civil Services Exam (CSE) which are conducted by UPSC.

IAS  works internally for the perfect functioning of law and order without any encumbrances. However, getting into IAS is not an easy task. Exam for IAS  is one of the toughest as well as prestigious examination. To get the opportunity to enjoy this prestigious designation, you need to go through the syllabus first. If you are appearing in IAS  exam first time, you should first have a copy of UPSC Exam syllabus.

UPSC Syllabus Pdf of General Studies for IAS Mains 2019

The Union Public Service Commission has revised IAS syllabus and its exam pattern in 2015 for  Civil Services Main examination. Syllabus of UPSC mains exam 2019 is posted in this article. Get ready for nine papers of mains, two as qualifying papers and seven papers to be counted for ranking. Scroll down to save pdf of syllabus.

IAS Mains 2019-Total Papers and Marks

I300One Of The Indian Languages Chosen From The Prescribed List
IV/V/VI/VII1000General Studies (250 Marks For Each Paper)
VIII & IX500Two Papers of Optional Subject

IAS qualifying papers in new Syllabus for UPSC Mains 2019

In this category, two papers of 300 marks each have been kept.

Candidates need to qualify these papers only, marks obtained in these papers will not be considered for ranking.

They are…

I. Any Indian Language


II. English



Link for UPSC Exam Syllabus of Optional Subjects 2019

Link of Other Optional Paper of-> UPSC

Download -> UPSC Prelims Syllabus pdf

Now, get IAS syllabus pdf 2019 of paper III to VII (Common Papers) for  CSE Mains which will define your merit.

UPSC Mains Syllabus 2019 for Compulsory Subjects

Let’s Start from Paper III 

To download syllabus pdf, scroll down

Syllabus of UPSC Essay Paper-3 of IAS Mains 2019

The topics for essay writing can be

  • Current affairs,
  • Social issues,
  • Philosophy,
  • Country politics,
  • Science and technology etc.

One is expected to keep their ideas in a logical sequence. Candidate is supposed to present his ideas in an order touching all aspects of the topic.

No doubt, effective and exact expression will grab marks.

CSE Mains Syllabus 2019: Paper 4: G.S. Paper 1

Link for UPSC  Mains Syllabus of Optional Paper History


Indian Heritage and Indian Culture,

History and Geography of the World and Country .

Indian culture covering all  aspects of Art Forms, Architecture and Literature  from ancient to modern times.

Modern Indian history from  the middle of the eighteenth century until the present-including  significant events, personalities, issues

The Indian Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important known contributors / contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation as well as the reorganization within the country.

History of the world  includes events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like socialism, communism, capitalism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.


Diversity of India, Features of Indian Society,

Role of women and women’s organization, Issues related to population, poverty and developmental and urbanization, associated problems, and their remedies.

Effects of a regime of globalization on Indian society

Social empowerment, regionalism, communalism, & secularism.


Click for UPSC Mains Syllabus of Optional Paper Geography

World’s physical geography and its salient features.

Natural Resources and their distribution across the world ; Industry location and factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world including India

Important Geophysical phenomena such as Tsunami , earthquakes,  Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features including water-bodies and ice-caps and in fauna and flora and the effects of such changes.

Civil Services Mains Syllabus 2019: Paper 5: G.S. Paper 2

General Studies- II (Governance, Polity, Constitution,  Social Justice and International relations)

Indian Constitution , Governance, Polity, Social Justice and International relations.

Indian Constitution- evolution , historical underpinnings, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Union and State Govt and their Functions and responsibilities, challenges and  issues  pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

Separation of powers among various organs. Dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries of the world.

Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, the conduct of business, functioning, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

Structure, organization and functioning of the Judiciary and the Executive . All Ministries and Departments of the Government; the concept of pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

Basic  features of the Representation of People’s Act.

Appointment to various Constitutional posts their powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

Regulatory, Statutory and various quasi-judicial bodies

Government policies and interventions for development of various sectors and issues arising out.

Development processes and study of the development industry- the role of SHGs, NGOs, various groups and associations, charities , donors,  institutional and other stakeholders

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by States and the Centre and the performance of these schemes; laws , mechanisms, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to management and development of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to hunger and poverty.

Important aspects of governance, accountability and transparency, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations and potential; citizens charters and  transparency & accountability.

Role of civil services in a democracy.

India and its neighborhood- relations.

Global, regional and bilateral groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Effect of policies and politics of developing and developed countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

Important International institutions, agencies and forum- their structure, mandate .

UPSC 2019 Syllabus of Paper 6: G.S. Paper 3

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, development and employment,  mobilization of resources, growth, Government Budgeting.

Major crops and cropping patterns in various parts of the country,  transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints different types of irrigation and types of irrigation systems storage; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Issues related to indirect and direct farm subsidies and minimum support prices; PDS-Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, revamping, limitations, issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

Food processing and related industries in India- location, scope and significance, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

Land reforms in India.

Effects of liberalization policy on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

Infrastructure: Ports, Energy, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Investment models.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

Indigenization of technology and developing new technology, Achievements of Indians in science & technology.

Awareness in the fields of IT, Computers, Space, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

Disaster and disaster management system.

Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

Role of external state and non state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Internal Security and Challenges, the impact of communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, Role of money-laundering and its prevention

Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism

Various Security forces and agencies and their mandates

IAS UPSC Syllabus 2019: Paper 7: General Studies Paper 4

Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper is based on case study method. This aims to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to tackle real life situations , to judge his integrity, and his problem-solving approach. The following broad areas will be covered.

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants, and consequences of Ethics in human actions; different dimensions of ethics; ethics in public and private relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; Role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: component, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and impact of persuasion.

Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , impartiality, integrity and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, tolerance ,e mpathy and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

Emotional intelligence-concepts, and its importance and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of philosophers & moral thinkers from India and world.

Values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; rules, laws, accountability and ethical governance, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;; strengthening of moral & ethical values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Relevance of Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Conduct, Codes of Ethics, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Utilization of public funds, Quality of service delivery,  challenges of corruption.


What you need to do before appearing in IAS Mains 2019?

The CIVIL Services examination is one of the most prestigious examinations. A big percentage of candidates do get eliminated in the UPSC prelims exam. UPSC mains syllabus is vast but it requires consistent efforts and dedication for preparation.

  1. Learn Time Management for efficient performance.
  2. Improve your writing skills.
  3. Get the clear concept of all the topics of the syllabus.
  4. Solve previous year’s papers for practice.

Get PDF of IAS Syllabus- Click here 

Read here

Best Books and Strategy for UPSC Prelims

Check for

Strategy for UPSC Mains

If you have not kept Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam, you should keep one copy of that also. As clearing first stage is must for taking the second step.

We wish you good luck for your forthcoming exam, hope you have saved UPSC Syllabus pdf and wish you would share your success story with us very soon. May you successfully crack IAS Mains exam 2019. Share it now.

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Dr. SS


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