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UPSC LAW Syllabus PAPER – I
Constitutional and Administrative Law
- Constitution and Constitutionalism: The silent features of the Constitution.
- PIL-Public interest litigation, Legal services authority, Legal Aid
- The relationship between fundamental rights, fundamental duties and directive principles DPSP.
- President and his constitutional position and relation with the Council of Ministers.
- Governor and his appointment and his powers.
- Judiciary: Supreme Court and High Courts:
- Appointments and transfer of judges.
- Powers, functions and jurisdiction of judiciary.
- Centre, States and local bodies:
- Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States Govts.
- Local bodies and their role.
- The administrative relationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.
- Eminent domain – State property – community property- common property.
- Legislative powers, immunities and privileges.
- Services which comes under the Union and the States:
- Recruitment and conditions of services; Administrative tribunals and Constitutional safeguards.
- UPSC and State Public Service Commissions – their power and functions
- Election Commission– Its Power and functions.
- Emergency types and provisions.
- Methods of Amendment of the Constitution.
- Natural Justice: Principles, Emerging trends and judicial approach.
- Legislation delegation and its constitutionality.
- Separation of powers and governance.
- Judicial review of the administrative action of machinery.
- Ombudsman: Lokpal, Lokayukta, etc.
- International Law: Nature and definition.
- Relationship: Between international law and municipal law.
- State succession and State recognition.
- Law of the sea: Inland waters, contiguous zone, territorial sea, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.
- Individuals: Nationality, concept of statelessness; Human rights and their enforcement.
- The territorial jurisdiction of States, asylum.and extradition.
- Treaties: Formation, termination, application, and reservation.
- United Nations: Its principal organs, functions, powers and reform.
- Dispute settlement by peaceful way – different modes.
- Lawful recourse to force: self-defence, agrees on aggression, intervention.
- International humanitarian law : Fundamental principles– International conventions and contemporary developments.
- Use of nuclear weapons; The legal way, the ban on the testing of nuclear weapons; CTBT, Nuclear – non-proliferation treaty.
- International terrorism, hijacking, state-sponsored terrorism, international criminal court.
- New international economic order and monetary law: GATT, WTO, TRIPS, IMF, World Bank.
- International efforts for Protection and improvement of the human environment:
UPSC LAW Syllabus PAPER – II
Law of Crimes
- General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and mens rea, actus reus, in statutory offences.
- Kinds of punishment and latest trends as to the abolition of capital punishment.
- Preparation and criminal attempt.
- General exceptions.
- Joint and constructive liability.
- Criminal conspiracy.
- Offences against the State.
- Offences against public tranquillity.
- Offences against property.
- Offences against the human body.
- Offences against women.
- Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and related legislative developments.
- Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
- Plea bargaining.
Law of Torts
- Nature and definition.
- Liability: fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
- General defences.
- Vicarious liability including State liability.
- Joint tortfeasors.
- Malicious prosecution.
- False imprisonment.
Consumer Protection Act, 1986 and latest amendments.
Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law
- Nature and formation of contract/Contract.
- Factors vitiating free consent.
- Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
- Performance and discharge of contracts.
- Consequences of breach of contract.
- Quasi- Contracts.
- Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
- Contract of the agency.
- Sale of goods and hire purchase.
- Partnership and its Formation and dissolution.
- Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
- Standard form contracts.
- Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
Contemporary Legal Developments
- Public Interest Litigation.
- Intellectual property rights – Concept, prospects and types.
- Information Technology Law and Cyber Laws – Concept, purpose/ prospects.
- Competition Law- Concept, prospects and purpose.
- Alternate Dispute Resolution – Concept, prospects and types.
- Major statutes concerning environmental law.
- RTI- Right to Information Act.
- Trial by media