UPSC has a long list of optional subjects out of which you can select any subject of your choice. Here we are giving an outline of syllabus of Sociology.

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sociology syllabus upsc


UPSC Mains Syllabus of Sociology

PAPER – I

FUNDAMENTALS OF SOCIOLOGY

  1. Sociology – The Discipline:

Social changes and Modern thoughts in Europe and emergence of sociology.

Scope and comparison with other social sciences.

Sociology and relevance of common sense.

  1. Sociology as Science:

Science and its elements, scientific method and critique.

Research Methodology and its major theoretical strands.

Positivism and its criticism.

Non- positivist methodologies

Fact value and objectivity.

  1. Research Methods and Analysis:

Quantitative and Qualitative methods.

Data Collection and its techniques.

Variables, sampling and types, hypothesis, reliability and validity.

  1. Sociological Thinkers:

Karl Marx- Historical materialism, class struggle, mode of production, alienation

Emile Durkheim- social fact,  Division of labour, suicide, religion and society.

Max Weber, ideal types, TalcoltSocial action, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitTalcott

Parsons- pattern variables, Social system.

Robert K. Merton- Latent and manifest functions, reference groups, conformity and deviance.

Mead – Self and identity.

  1. Stratification and Mobility:

Concepts- hierarchy, equality, inequality, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.

Study of Theories related to social stratification- Structural functionalist theory, Weberian theory, Marxist theory,

Dimensions – Status groups, Social stratification of class, gender, ethnicity and race.

Social mobility- open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.

  1. Works and Economic Life:

Social organisation of work in different types of society-, feudal society, organisation, slave society, industrial /capitalist society.

Formal organisation of work.

Labour and society.

  1. Politics and Society:

Power and Sociological theories.

Power elite, pressure groups ,bureaucracy,  and political parties.

Nation, state, democracy, citizenship, civil society, ideology.

Social movements, Protest, agitation, collective action, revolution.

  1. Religion and Society:

The concept of Religion and Sociological theories.

Types of religious practices: animism,  pluralism, monism, sects, cults.

Religion in modern society: religion and science, religious revivalism, secularization, fundamentalism.

  1. Systems of Kinship:

Marriage, impact andFamily, household.

Types and various forms of family.

The concept of Lineage and descent.

Patriarcimpact and sexual division of labour.

Contemporary trends.

  1. Social Change in Modern Society:

Social Change and Sociological theories .

Development and dependency.

Education and social change.

Agents of social change.

Science, technology and role in social change.


PAPER – II

INDIAN SOCIETY: STRUCTURE AND CHANGE

  1. Indian Society and its Introduction:

(i) Aspects of the study of Indian society:

Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).

Indology (GS. Ghurye).

Marxist sociology (AR Desai).

(ii) An impact of colonial rule on Indian society:

Social background of Indian nationalism.

Protests and movements during the colonial period.

Modernization of Indian tradition.

Social reforms.

  1. Social Structure:

(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

Agrarian social structure – the evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.

The idea of an Indian village and village studies.

(ii) Caste System:

Perspectives on the study of caste systems: M N Srinivas , G S Ghurye, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.

Caste System and its features .

Untouchability – its forms and perspectives.

(iii) Tribal communities in India:

Definitional problems.

Colonial policies and tribes.

Geographical spread.

Issues of integration and autonomy.

(iv) Social Classes in India:

Industrial class structure.

Agrarian class structure.

Middle classes in India.

(v) Systems of Kinship in India:

Lineage and descent in India.

Types of kinship systems.

Family and marriage in India.

Household dimensions of the family.

(vi) Religion and Society:

Problems of religious minorities.

Religious communities in India.

  1. Social Changes in India:

(i) Visions of Social Change in India:

Idea of development planning and mixed economy.

Education and social change.

Constitution, law and social change.

 (ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

Programmes of rural development, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.

Community Development Programme.

Green revolution and impact on social change.

Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture .

Problems of  bondage ,rural labour,migration.

(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

Growth of urban settlements in India.

Evolution of modern industry in India.

Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.

Slums and deprivation in urban areas.

Informal sector, child labour.

 (iv) Politics and Society:

Nation, democracy and citizenship.

Regionalism and decentralization of power.

Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.

Secularization

(v) Social Movements in Modern India:

Peasants and farmers movements.

Backward classes & Dalit movement.

Women’s movement.

Environmental movements.

Ethnicity and Identity movements.

(vi) Population Dynamics:

Population size, growth, composition and distribution.

Population policy and family planning.

Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.

Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.

(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:

Crisis of development: environmental problems and sustainability, displacement,.

Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.

Caste conflicts.

Violence against women.

Ethnic conflicts, religious revivalism, communalism,

Illiteracy and disparities in education.

NOTE – Check official website in case of any doubt.

About the author

Dr. SS

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