General Knowledge | Zimbabwe | Facts | Current affairs

Zimbabwe Map
Written by Dr. SS

Current affairs section of this website is meant to help UPSC aspirants. This article covers essential facts regarding Zimbabwe which will be useful for our readers for cracking questions in UPSC exams related to global affairs. Here, you will find all the facts you need to crack any UPSC competitive exam and questions on Zimbabwe.


Official NameRepublic of Zimbabwe
Capital Harare
FlagConsists of seven even horizontal stripes of green, gold, red and black with a white triangle containing a red 5-pointedstarwith a Zimbabwe Bird.
Anthem“Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe” in Shona, and “Blessed Be The Land of Zimbabwe” in English,
Form of GovernmentParliamentary.
Constitution: 21 December 1979.
 Independence: 18 April 1980 (from UK)
Head of the StatePresident
Official LanguageEnglish
Other language Chishona, Sindebele with various dialects.
CurrencyZimbabwean Dollar (ZWD) abandoned in 2009

Foreign currencies such as the South African Rand, Botswana Pula, Pound Sterling ,Indian rupee,Euro,Japanese yen,Australian dollar,the United States dollar,and Chinese yuan are used.

Time 2PM= noon GMT
Area: Total-   390,757    sqkm

Land-  386,670 sq. Km

Water-4,087 sq. km

Area – comparativeIf compared it is about half the size ofTurkyor slightly larger than the US State of Montana
 Boundaries: Landlocked,bordered by Zambia in the north, Mozambique in the east, Botswana in the west and South Africa in the south.
Population15.60 million (2015)
Population Density33 persons per square kilometer
EthnicityShona 71%, Ndebele 16%, other African 11%, white 1%, mixed and Asian 1%.
TerrainMountains in east.
Desert and savanna. Mostly high plateau with higher central plateau
Climate:Subtropical and tropical. Moderated by altitude. Rainy season from November to March.

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Dr. SS

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